So far many cases of monkeypox have been confirmed in the country. On July 15, a 35-year old man was infected with monkeypox in Kollam, Kerala. Three days later i.e. on July 18, a 31-year-old man had monkeypox in Kannur, Kerala and few from the capital city. It has spread to more than 75 countries. Its cases are increasing continuously. In this regard, the World Health Organization (WHO) has held a meeting recently.
So on this article we will know more about monkeypox, its identity, what should be done to avoid it and many more
Question 1: What is monkeypox?
Answer: Monkeypox is an orthopox virus with symptoms similar to smallpox. Although it is far less serious than smallpox. It was first detected in 1958 in monkeys kept for research. Monkeypox was first detected in human in 1970.
Question 2: What are the symptoms of monkeypox?
Answer: According to Dr. Prabhakar Tiwari, Information Experts, CMHO Bhopal, people should get alerted as soon as they see the following symptoms…
- Body pain
- To get cold
- Fatigue and lethargy
- Muscle pain
- A very itchy rash may appear during fever
- Rashes may also appear on the faces, hands and other parts of the body.
Monkeypox is a zoonosis disease. It spreads from animal to human. It is believed that it spreads through monkeys as well as animals like rats and squirrels. The virus can also spread through the eyes, nose and mouth of an infected person. It also spreads by touching the patient’s clothes, utensils and bedding.
Get tested as soon you see symptoms-
According to ICMR scientist Dr. Aparna Mukherjee, people need not panic. We should keep an eye out for unusual symptoms like high fever, body aches, rashes etc. Especially those who recently traveled to monkeypox affected country.
As soon as you see the symptoms of monkeypox, get a sample test done through the fluid coming out of them. The National Institute of Virology (NIV) is the registered lab for testing these viruses.
Question 3: Which people are more prone to monkeypox?
Answer: According to the World Health Organization, pregnant women are at higher risk. These viruses can be serious for these people. With this, people with very weak immunity and children younger than 5 years can fall prey to it quickly.
Question 4: How can children below 5 years of age can be protected from monkeypox?
Answer: Keep these 4 things in mind
- If your children’s immune system is weak, then correct his diet.
- Get the child to do physical activity; do not let the child play games on the computer or mobile throughout the day.
- If the child’s body is showing rash and he has fever, then do not take home remedies, contact the doctors.
- Prevent the child from coming in contact with an unknown and sick person.
This will strengthen his immunity. If the immunity is good, then the risk to the child will be less due to viral infection and even if he falls ill, then he will recover soon.
Important: The incubation period (the time from infection to symptoms) of monkeypox is usually 7-14 days, but it can also be 5-21 days.
There have been cases of monkeypox in these countries:
More than 75 countries including India, USA, UK, Belgium, France, Germany, Netherlands, Portugal, Spain, Sweden, Australia, Canada, Austria, Canary Islands, Israel, Switzerland and many more have cases of monkeypox.
Treatment of the disease
According to the WHO website, there is currently no concrete cure for monkeypox, but the smallpox vaccine has proved to be up to 85% effective against monkeypox. The smallpox vaccine is not yet available to the general public.