Genetics in its utmost level, now plants will be able to survive in drought

In a research done on plants, scientists have discovered an important system of protein found in them. Through this, they have succeeded in developing such plants by making genetic changes, which can survive for a long time in drought conditions (drought-resistant plants). They have identified a special type of protein that prolongs the life of proteins in plants.

It is necessary to protect the plants in order t protect the lives of human beings. Plants fulfill many of our needs. Climate change is putting our lives at risk. Along with this, the existence of trees is also endangering the plants. Long droughts, severe storms, devastating floods have also challenged the survival of the plant. In the new study, scientists obtained such information on the life of plant proteins at the genetic level, using which plants can live a long life even in drought conditions.

Researchers from Heidelberg University have discovered a system of important plant proteins that control the life of plants. Proteins serve many purpose in plants, which serve as the basic building blocks of plants. More than 20 billion protein molecules work in the cells of a plant, this stabilizes their structure and they maintain the metabolism of the cells.

Researchers from Heidelberg University’s Centre for Organismal Studies have shed light on a biological process that can extend the life of plant proteins. They have discovered a protein named N-terminal acetylation which controls this mechanism. The study, published in the journal Molecular plant and Science Advances, states that this chemical, which acts as a chemical marker, is made during the production of proteins.

According to researchers, this important protein is known as Huttingtin Yeast Effecter Protein K (HYPK). It promotes N-terminal acetylation and prolongs the life of plant proteins. Along with other features of this protein, a great feature is that it helps plants to adapt to environmental conditions.

The researchers used a plant named Thales Cress, Arabidopsis thaliana, to investigate the characteristics of the HYPK protein. It is a popular living specimen of the family Pubrassicaceae, as its genome is already well studied. Research on genetically modified plants has shown that protein life is reduced when the HYPK protein is absent and N-terminal acetylation does not occur.

It was told in the research that at the same time the resistance of plants also increases during drought. The researchers said that their research went in this direction to find out how this ability of drought resistance develops in plants. In this study, researchers from the Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing in China, Along with researchers from Heidelberg, worked under the direction of professor Dr. Yonghong Wag.

The researchers also discovered that HYPK protein not only performs regulatory functions in Thales Cress, but also in paddy, the world’s oldest crop. This protein is also found in humans and many types of fungi. He said that this system of acetylation and control of HYKP in it must have evolved about 1 billion years ago, which is present in many organisms today.

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