Kalpana Balan, a 26-year-old Indian woman, has secured a Guinness World Record for having the highest number of teeth in a female’s mouth. With a total of 38 teeth, surpassing the typical adult count by six, Balan’s achievement is attributed to four extra mandibular (lower jaw) teeth and two extra maxillary (upper jaw) teeth.
Kalpana Balan from India has six more teeth than the average human.
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— Guinness World Records (@GWR) November 20, 2023
During her teenage years, Balan experienced the gradual emergence of these additional teeth, facing challenges with eating as food often became trapped between them. Although her parents recommended extraction upon discovery, her dentist advised waiting until the teeth grew more before removal, leading Balan to keep them despite initial challenges.
Expressing her joy after achieving the Guinness World Records title, Balan stated, “It’s my lifetime achievement.” Notably, she may extend her record in the future, as two teeth remain unfilled. The male record holder for this title is Evano Mellone from Canada, boasting a total of 41 teeth.
The medical term for the presence of excess teeth is hyperdontia or polydontia, affecting up to 3.8% of the world’s population. Hyperdontia results from a malfunction in the tooth formation process, with the exact cause still unknown. It is believed that supernumerary teeth develop from an extra tooth bud near a regular one or from the splitting of a regular tooth bud, according to Guinness World Records.